TRIGGER FACTORS CAUSING PASTEURELLOSIS: ✚ Stress: e.g. dipping, castration, shearing dosing, and general collecting and bunching for treatment. ✚ Climate: e.g. warm still weather, cold, wet, windy weather and prominent changes in day and night temperatures. ✚ Changes in diet: e.g. movement to rape, turnips or aftermath. Increased plane of nutrition and transportation. PRODUCTS AVAILABLE: ✚ Heptavac P ✚ Ovivac P ✚ Bravoxin 10 SUNDRIES A comprehensive stock of sundry products is carried at the Agrii depots to cover most farmer’s needs. You can also visit our Ludlow shop or come and see us at Welshpool Market, or at our Presteigne and Knighton depots. PASTEURELLOSIS This is regarded as the most important bacterial disease in sheep in the UK. Pasteurella lives in the upper respiratory tracts of the tonsils of sheep. However certain factors can trigger the bacteria to move to invade the lungs or erupt from the tonsils to become systemic and cause various forms of Pasteurellosis. Pasteurellosis is a term used to describe the disease caused by two biotypes of Pasteurella Haemolytica. Biotype A causes pneumonia in older sheep and septicaemia in young lambs. It occurs either as a whole flock outbreak or sporadic cases. Some sheep may be found dead without having been seen to be ill, while others appear dull, fevered and breathing heavily, quite often with mucus discharge from the nostrils. Problems can occur at any time of year. Biotype T causes Pasteurellosis mainly in lambs. The most common cause of death is in hogs during the autumn/winter months. The disease is not primarily pneumonia, but a systemic disease which appears to start in the tonsil and then spread very quickly to lungs and other organs. AGRII HOLDS A LARGE RANGE OF BOTH SHEEP AND CATTLE VACCINES: Heptavac P. Plus has been designed primarily for the breeding ewe and ewe lamb flocks, as an aid in the control of 7 clostridial diseases and Pasteurellosis in sheep. It can be used in pregnant ewes as an aid to control Lamb Dysentry, Pulpy Kidney, Tetanus and Pasteurellosis in their lambs provided that the ewes have received the correct pre-lambing programme and the lambs have received sufficient immune colostrum during the first 1 to 2 days of life. Initial dose of 2 primary doses of 2.0 ml at 4 to 6 week intervals. Followed by annual booster dose or at times of heightened Pasteurella incidence on farm. Ovivac P. Plus is a vaccine for the immunisation of lambs not being introduced into a breeding regime. As an aid in the control of 4 clostridial diseases, it is also used as an aid in the control of pneumonic Pasteurellosis in lambs of all ages, from a minimum age of 3 weeks. It is the product of choice for fattening and store lambs. Initial dose of 2 doses of 2.0 ml at 4 to 6 week intervals. Followed by annual booster dose, or at times of heightened Pasteuralla incidence on farm. Bravoxin 10 is a broad spectrum vaccine for sheep and cattle against disease associated with clostridial bacteria. Dose for Sheep from 2 weeks of age: 1.0ml. Dose for Cattle from 2 weeks of age: 2.0 ml. Primary vaccination 2 doses 4 – 6 weeks apart. Booster dose at 6 to 12 month intervals. Footvax is used for the vaccination of sheep as an aid to the prevention and treatment of Footrot caused by Bacteroides Nodosus. Initial Course: Two doses of 1.0 ml, 6 weeks apart by subcutaneous injection at the side of the neck. Thoroughly shake bottle before use. Subsequent doses should be given annually unless there is a Footrot problem during the year resulting from a very wet weather spell, prolonged housing etc., which will then require a booster dose. Footvax should not be used in conjunction with 1% Moxidectin. Rotavec Corona is a vaccine to promote the active immunisation of pregnant cows and heifers, to raise the antibodies E coli F5 (K99) antigen, rotovirus and coronavirus. Protection for the calf depends on the physical presence of colostrum antibodies (from vaccinated cows) within the gut for the duration of 3 to 4 weeks of life until the calf develops its own immunity. It is therefore essential to ensure that the calf receives adequate colostrum to maximise the efficiency of the vaccine. Administration is by a single dose of 2.0 ml by intramuscular injection to be given during each pregnancy between 12 and 3 weeks prior to calving. Vaccine programmes Please contact customer services: e: livestock@agrii.co.uk t: 0845 6073322 Please contact customer services: e: livestock@agrii.co.uk t: 0845 6073322 21 LIVESTOCK HEALTH & NUTRITION 20 LIVESTOCK HEALTH & NUTRITION